Fairy shrimp, bingo games and a rowboat

This Tuesday finds the Henry Bigelow on its way to the Great South Channel to start coverage of the Georges Bank portion of this survey.  We have completed the Mid-Atlantic Bight and Southern New England areas completely, and hopefully will have enough time remaining to do justice to the northern portion of this survey.

The inshore Southern New England stations were marked by large numbers of very small copepods, and the samples (and nets) came aboard with a brownish tinge to them, indicating large numbers of diatoms in the water.  This fact was corroborated by Emily Peacock, from WHOI, who shared images from her imaging flowcytobot unit showing large numbers of diatoms in the scientific seawater flowthrough system.

emily and

Emily Peacock and the imaging flowcytobot. Photo by D J Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

We have been getting fairly large numbers of young sand lance, Ammodytes, from several of the inshore stations Southern New England stations, ranging in length from 4 to as much as 10 centimeters.  There have also been many salps and ctenophores, and an occasional appearance of the amphipod, Phronima, that eats out the inside of barrel-shaped salps and then lives inside them.  Last night we also had a large catch of caprellid amphipods, sometimes commonly called “fairy shrimps”, much to the consternation of those of us whose turn it was to wash those samples out of the nets, as they tenaciously clung on to the meshes!


Images of diatoms from the flowcytobot. Photo by Emily Peacock, WHOI.

amphipod inside salp

An amphipod, Phronima, that eats out the inside of a barrel-shaped salp and then lives inside it. Photo by DJ Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

fairy shrimps

Caprellid amphipods, commonly called “fairy shrimps”, were not easy to wash out of the nets. Photo by D J Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

Our uneventful Memorial Day Weekend was punctuated by two events that made things interesting.  One was a festive ice cream social and bingo game on Sunday night put on by our stewards Dennis and Jeremy.  While in the midst of enjoying this we received a call from the bridge saying that they had spotted a rowboat anchored outside the entrance to New York harbor in the area we were transiting through!

bingo game

Sunday night ice cream social and bingo game. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA.

Our commanding officer actually knew one of the two men onboard the twenty-three foot plywood craft that was on its way to Gallipoli, Turkey the next day once the winds subsided.  This venture was part of a “Rowing For Peace” movement, details of which can be found on a website:http://www.rowforpeace.com/

rowers and their boat

We sent a “care package” to this two-person boat, headed to Turkey. Photo by D J Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

In keeping with the NOAA tradition of service to the public, a small care package was hastily arranged, with water bottles, ice cream, ship’s hats and a pineapple!  A line was thrown to the tiny vessel, and the items were passed across secured in a plastic bag.

Now we are on our way to Georges Bank, having completed the southern portion of our trip. Hopefully the nice weather will continue for a few more days while we are on Georges. There’s not too much shelter out there!

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
HB1502 Ecosystem Monitoring Survey

Off and Running on the Late Spring Ecosystem Monitoring Survey

On a foggy Tuesday (May 19) at 1230 pm the Henry Bigelow left its berth at the Newport Naval Station to start the Late Spring Ecosystem Monitoring Survey.  As is typical for these cruises, this is not just a Northeast Fisheries Science Center expedition, but a coalition of several other institutions and Canada with representative scientists on board to study different aspects of the marine ecosystem of the northeast continental shelf.  We have scientists from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, the University of Maine, Princeton University, one scientist from the Canadian Wildlife Service and a NOAA Teacher at Sea from California, in addition to our usual cadre of researchers from the NEFSC in Narragansett and Woods Hole.  All the lab spaces are filled with gear; an imaging flowcytobot unit  and laptop computers in the CTD lab, multiple filtering racks in the chem lab, and the wet lab has become a storage area for spare gear and supplies.

bongo net deployment

Bongo nets being deployed for plankton collection. Photo by D.J. Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

view of chemistry lab with equipment

Chemistry lab filled with seawater filtration racks. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

insturmneet to photograph phytoplankton

FlowCytoBot Unit for photographing phytoplankton in the scientific seawater flow-through system, strapped into position in the CTD lab.
Photo by D.J. Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

The foggy weather has hindered our progress somewhat, but a more than punctual departure on Tuesday (we left 30 minutes ahead of schedule!) has given us a good start, and we are all thankful to be underway after frantic last minute repairs were made to the vessel prior to this trip.

Niskin bottle rosette array with CTD unit

Niskin bottle rosette array with an added CTD unit (white cylinder) for logging chlorophyll fluorescence and transmissometry data. Photo by D.J. Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

We have completed eight stations so far: six bongo tows and two rosette casts on the shelf edge.  The rosette casts gathered transmissometry data for our U. Maine researcher as well as the usual salinity, temperature and chlorophyll profiles, and jugs of seawater were filled for an EPA researcher in Narragansett who is looking for traces of pharmaceutical compounds in offshore waters.  Fish larvae, either herring or sand lance were found in the nearshore plankton tows, and also some lion’s mane jellyfish.

lion's mane jellyfish in net

Lion’s Mane jellyfish capture in one of the nearshore plankton tows. Photo by D.J. Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

The fog has lifted this Wednesday morning, and the ship is making faster progress now.  With the current good weather we will work our way towards Cape Hatteras, sampling at the offshore stations and then loop back north towards New England on an inshore track.

three woem scientists working in lab

Researchers Cristina Bascunan, Tamara Holzwarth-Davis and Megan Switzer working together to connect a transmissometer (black unit) to a CTD unit (white cylinder) shortly before sailing. Photo by D.J. Kast, NOAA Teacher at Sea.

Despite the crowded conditions, the diverse researchers are all getting along, and helping each other with equipment and tasks to help the mission go as smoothly as possible.  The ship’s crew and command have certainly played a large part in making things work, and I really appreciate the positive can-do attitude I’ve seen aboard here.

I think this is going to be a good, and very productive trip!

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
HB1502 Ecosystem Monitoring Survey

A Seahorse, Salps, and Styrofoam Cups?

The Pisces has made its final trawl and is now heading towards its last plankton station before it will dock in Little Creek, Norfolk, Virginia for the end of this cruise later today. Since our last update we’ve weathered persistent gale-force winds that caused us to miss our first and only station of this entire survey, when gusts of forty knot winds forced us to abort setting the Shallow-Water midwater trawl just before dawn on Monday morning. We altered course to continue working in a more sheltered area further south. Subsequent trawls made late last night have been small in quantity but highly diverse in composition, with cutlass fish, bluefish, a puffer fish, small squid, salps and even a seahorse! We are now heading for our last plankton station which we should arrive at in the wee hours of this Wednesday morning.

night watch processing catch

The night watch processing one of the last midwater trawl catches of the cruise. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

Rick Bell holds cutlass fish

Rich Bell holding a cutlass fish caught in the midwater trawl. Photo by Maura Thomas, University of Maine

This has been an interesting cruise owing to its multi-pronged approach for studying the waters of the northeast continental shelf. Using a variety of tools wielded by scientists from different disciplines, marine life from phyto- and zoo-plankton, to larval, juvenile and adult fish have been studied, together with a backdrop of oceanographic measurements of water temperatures and salinities, and light, chlorophyll, and nutrient levels. The onboard experiment to measure respiration of various fish was a first for one of these survey cruises.


Seahorse captured in midwater trawl. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA


emily and flow cytobot unit

Emily Brownlee and an Imaging Flow Cytobot Unit from WHOI. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

diatoms and dinoflagellates

Diatoms and dinoflagellates photographed by the Imaging Flow Cytobot units. Photo by Emily Brownlee, WHOI

There has also been an educational component, where students from Prout High School and Davisville Middle School in Rhode Island, sent highly decorated styrofoam coffee cups and manikin heads out with us to be submerged along with our instruments to depths of 500 meters (1,640 feet) to demonstrate the effect of pressure on them.

styrofiam cups in mesh bags below

Styrofoam cups in mesh bag mounted below instruments on CTD rosette. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/ NOAA

decorated strufoam cups and menikin heads

Styrofoam cups and manikin heads from Davis Middle School (top) and Prout High School (bottom) after 36 submersions on CTD rosette. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/ NOAA.

All of this was accomplished in an area ranging from as far north as the Bay of Fundy in the Gulf of Maine, to as far east as the Northeast Channel off of Georges Bank, down to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the south in just seventeen days. Truly a remarkable achievement, and we, the scientists on this survey, want to thank the officers and crew of the Pisces for doing their utmost to make this possible. By utilizing this vessel to its fullest capabilities, and with their constant help and advice, they have enabled us to accomplish a lot in a short time.

Crewmen deplpoy bong nets from ship

Crewmen Victor Coleman and Jeff Brawley from the Pisces deploying bongo plankton nets. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

We thank you and wish you all a very Happy Thanksgiving!

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
PC1405 NE Pelagic-EcoMon Survey


The usual, and the oddities

Since transiting the Cape Cod Canal on Thursday, the Pisces has continued its remarkable rate of progress in Southern New England waters. As of 6 p.m. Saturday night (November 15) we are outside of New York harbor and working our way further south towards the New Jersey coast. Tows in these inshore waters have had large amounts of phytoplankton, and catches of salps and ribbed jellyfish have been in several of our plankton tows. We also had ribbed jellyfish in one of our most recent shallow water mid-water trawls, along with a couple of juvenile butterfish and a few larval menhaden. Some earlier mid-water trawls had squid and lanternfish.

cruise trsacvk as of Nov.15 at 6 p.m.

Pisces cruise track as of 6 p.m. November 15, 2014. Image courtesy of NOAA Shiptracker website.

two juvenile butterfish and a menhaden larva

Two juvenile butterfish and a menhaden larva captured in a recent tow of the Shallow Water Midwater Trawl. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

We have been striving to catch our fish with as little trauma as possible for oxygen consumption measurements, but have had difficulty keeping most of them alive. We have gotten good data from “Lumpy” the lumpfish, who is still on board and doing well, from some sand eels and a paper nautilus. Our latest tenant of the respirometer is a lookdown, a shiny silvery fish which is not only about the size of a half dollar, but resembles one as well! We had hoped to make measurements on butterfish, but have not had any success in keeping them alive long enough to place them in the respirometers.

lookdown fish in respirometer

A lookdown fish, swimming against a mild current in the flow-through respirometer. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

cod-end aquarium

A codend aquarium for the midwater trawl, made by Chris Taylor and the scientists and crew aboard Pisces, will help keep fish alive during tows. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

To address this issue the scientists and crew worked together yesterday to come up with a tub that is placed inside the codend of the trawl to provide a soft landing place of undisturbed water at the back of the net for at least some of the fish that are scooped up, and also to keep them submerged in water while the net is being dragged up the trawlway and onto the deck.   We think that if we can address these issues of capture trauma we may have a better chance of getting some candidates for the respirometers. So far we’ve only caught a few squid and lantern fish in the tub. The squid were alive and well, but the lanternfish were not. The lanternfish did however appear to be in much better shape than ones we have caught just using the trawl alone, so we feel we are making some improvements. Now we just need a good catch of butterfish to give our design a real test!

We are continuing to catch a few oddities, such as a balloon squid, so named for its round shape, and also some Phronima, the latin name for a small amphipod that feeds on salps and then lives inside the clear salp body, swimming it around like a little barrel-shaped house. This thumb-sized crustacean is reputed to have been the inspiration for the appearance of the alien creature in the series of Alien movies!

balloon squid

A balloon squid captured in the Shallow Water Midwater trawl. Photo by Dan Vendettuoli, NEFSC/NOAA

a Phronimna amphipod

A Phronima amphipod, captured in the Shallow Water Midwater trawl. Photo by Dan Vendettuoli, NEFSC/NOAA

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
PC1405 NE Pelagic-EcoMon Survey

Diverse tows, and some unusual finds

The NOAA ship Pisces reached the sea buoy at the entrance to the Cape Cod Canal at 0630 this morning for a sunny but cold transition from the comparatively balmy Gulf of Maine to the waters off the Southern New England coast, now engulfed by a cold front that has crossed the country to meet us. We heard snow is in the forecast for some of this area on Friday!

We have been blessed by mild, calm conditions for much of our time in the Gulf of Maine, and consequently have been able to sample at every single planned station both there and on Georges Bank, a goal we are not often able to achieve at this time of year. We have now completed 74 bongo net plankton tows, 22 CTD rosette water casts, 14 Shallow-Water Mid-water Trawls, and 2 Isaacs-Kidd Midwater Trawls on the first half of this trip.

Cruise track for Pisces

Cruise track (red line represents completed portion) for the Georges Bank and Gulf of Maine sampling conducted by the NOAA vessel Pisces in the Gulf of Maine during the PC1405 Survey. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

retuireiving a trawl net aboard ship

Shallow Water Mid-Water Trawl being retrieved after a tow. Photo by Harvey Walsh, NEFSC/NOAA

The catches from the Shallow-Water Mid-water Trawls have been pretty small for the most part, but diverse. Last night’s first tow yielded dogfish, butterfish, herring, red and silver hake and even a paper nautilus, which is a rarity in northern waters! The paper nautilus is doing quite well, and has even taken a turn in one of the respirometer chambers. Other oddities we have picked up from our tows include the pelagic larva of a witch flounder, a viperfish, a white barracudina, and a glacier lanternfish.

bristlemouth deepwater fish

A viperfish. Photo by Dan Vendettuoli, NEFSC/NOAA.

paper nautilus

Paper Nautilus. Photo by Dan Vendettuoli, NEFSC/NOAA.

witch folounder larva

Witch flounder pelagic larva. Photo by Rich Bell, NEFSC/NOAA

white barracudinba  and glacier lanternfish

White barracudina (top) and glacier lanternfish. Photo by Harvey Walsh, NEFSC/NOAA

As I am writing this we are approaching a station south of Block Island. We are planning to sample at 58 more stations from Southern New England down through the Mid-Atlantic Bight, and will try to get in as many as two mid-water trawls per day over the remaining seven working days we have left. Hopefully our good weather luck will continue! I will continue posting these updates with photos on the website nefsc.wordpress.com.

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
PC1405 NE Pelagic-Ecosystem Monitoring (EcoMon)Survey

Lumpy and the Respirometer

Good Morning All,
Since our last update on Saturday the Pisces has completed sampling the southwestern Gulf of Maine stations and started working east across the northern flank of Georges Bank and into the eastern Gulf of Maine area. We have just completed sampling at the Northeast Channel and are currently heading for Browns Bank. We have made a few more midwater trawls since last time with the Shallow Water midwater trawl and one with the Isaacs-Kidd midwater trawl. Although the catches have been very small, consisting of a few silver hake and Atlantic herring, we did manage to get a few fish to try out in the respirometer chambers. Some data was collected from the Atlantic herring caught this past weekend. We had one butterfish which didn’t do well in the chamber, but we had better luck with a lumpfish, which is currently still in the chamber and yielding good data.

Researchers hold a respirometer chamber with a herring in it

Chris Taylor, Rich Bell (holding a respirometer chamber with a herring in it) and Grace Saba working to gather some data on the oxygen consumption of an Atlantic herring. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

“Lumpy”, as he has been christened, even managed to gulp down a shrimp from the holding tank which was still sticking partly out of his mouth when he was transferred to the respirometer. Oxygen consumption data has been gathered from this fish for several hours now, showing a series of classic oxygen consumption curves, when the amount of oxygen in the water is plotted over time. The oxygen level in the chamber with the respiring fish starts at a high level, then drops at a steady rate until freshly oxygenated water is introduced, and the cycle repeats itself, with the rate of decline changing depending on the stress levels of the fish.

Lumpy the lumpfish in a respirometer chamnmbver

“Lumpy” in a respirometer chamber equipped with flowing seawater. If you look closely you’ll see long thin red shrimp spines protruding out from his mouth. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

oxygen consumption cycles from Lumpy

The oxygen consumption cycles from “Lumpy” showing cycles of oxygen decline over time as seen from a laptop connected to the respirometer. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

The logistics of the respirometry project have been daunting, but the researchers have met the challenges of plumbing, software, and obtaining viable fish, all while working under typical November sea conditions to start getting some positive results. Pictures of this interesting, on-board experiment will be posted on the nefsc.wordpress.com website. This work has been in addition to the continued collection of plankton samples, hydrographic data, and trawl catch assessments.

With a favorable forecast for the next few days, the Pisces is currently steaming along at between twelve and fourteen knots to cover the Gulf of Maine before the next front is due to hit us later this week. We hope to be in sheltered waters near the entrance to the Cape Cod Canal by then, poised to move on to the southern portion of this survey which will take us to Southern New England and the Mid-Atlantic Bight.

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
PC1405 Northeast Pelagic-Ecosystem Monitoring Survey

Herring after the storm

Saturday, November 8, 2014:

The Pisces has continued making excellent progress since our last update, and reached Cape Cod well
before Friday, so we continued working north into the western Gulf of Maine, with an eye on the approaching storm which did finally reach us on Friday night. With winds reaching as high as 40 to 50 knots, the vessel turned towards the coast and after reaching a station off of Portland, Maine in the wee hours of Saturday morning was able to continue working in the sheltered inshore waters.

cruiise track for PISCEs 1405

Track (in red) for PC 1405 cruise as of late morning November 8, 2014. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

A midwater trawl made with an Isaacs-Kidd net on Friday near Wilkinson Basin did not produce any fish, but a tow made with another shallow-water midwater trawl off of Portland this morning yielded some one year old herring that appeared viable enough for the oxygen consumption experiments planned for this cruise.

crewmen retrieve Isaacs-Kidd midwater trawl

Crewmen retrieving the Isaacs-Kidd Midwater Trawl. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

retreiivng the mid-water trawl onto the Pisces deck

The shallow water midwater trawl being retrieved onto the aft-deck of the Pisces. The box inside the net is a PVC frame to prevent captured fish from being squeezed by the net. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

These have been placed in an on-deck holding tank for use later today.We did not see many strong signs of fish on the acoustics while we were on Georges Bank and there were almost no larval or juvenile fish seen in the bongo tows there either. This morning, while crossing the southwestern corner of Jeffreys Ledge, there was a strong signal indicating adult herring near the bottom. The CTD water profiles continue to show well mixed water columns at most of our stations, particularly shallower ones, but Wilkinson Basin, which we sampled last night, had bottom water that was cooler and more saline than the surface.

herring being removed from the cod-end of thje midwater trawl

Herring being removed from the cod end of the shallow water midwater trawl. Photo by Jerry Prezioso, NEFSC/NOAA

Biologist Chris Taylor transfers live herring to a holding tank

Biologist Chris Taylor transfers live herring to holding tanks on the aft deck of the Pisces . Photo by Jerry Prezoioso, NEFSC/NOAA

With a favorable forecast for the next several days we are planning to leave the coastal waters of Massachusetts as the seas subside and head east and offshore, to cross the northern edge of Georges Bank and work our way north into the Gulf of Maine. Updates from this cruise will be posted on the nefsc.wordpress.com website maintained by Shelley Dawicki and Jarita Davis, together with photos of our activities.

Jerry Prezioso
Chief Scientist
PC 1405 Northeast Pelagic – Ecosystem Monitoring Survey